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What is Mold?

Mold is a microscopic organism, which grows from spores. There are mold everywhere in our environment but they are usually inactive. However, when the relative humidity exceeds 60% they germinate and multiply. As the mold develops, it produces enzymes to digest organic materials including paper, books, cloth, photographs, leather and wood. There are 100,000 different species of mold in the world. Mold is part of the fungi kingdom; a realm shared with mushrooms, yeast and mildews.

How does Mold Grow?

In order for mold to grow it needs a food source such as leaves, wood, insulation, wallboard, drywall, carpeting, clothing paper and dirt. In addition, mold needs a source of moisture for at least 24 to 48 hours. Temperatures above 65 degrees Increase the likelihood of mold growth in air quality conditions. Below is a list of moisture sources that may Cause mold problems.

• Flooding
• Backed up sewers
• Leaky roofs
• Humidifiers
• Mud or ice dams
• Damp basement or crawl spaces
• Constant Plumbing leaks
• House Plants
• Steam from cooking or boiling
• Shower/bath on indoor dry lines
• Clothing dryers vented indoors
• Combustion appliances

How do people get Sick from Mold?

Mold grows everywhere, both indoors and outdoors. Most often mold found indoors comes from outdoor sources. Outdoor mold spores travel indoors through windows, cracks, crevices or are carried inside on shoes and clothing It is very common to find mold spores in the air of homes and growing on damp surfaces.

We are all exposed to mold on a daily basis without evident harm. However, health problems arise when mold spores enter the air and then enter our bodies enlarge numbers. For some people a relatively small amount of mold spores can cause health problems, and yet for others it may take a considerably greater amount. The following are three ways mold spores can enter the human body:
Inhalation through poor air quality conditions, digestion from foods and water consumption where water restoration is needed as well as a mold contractor.
Which Individuals have the Greatest Risk when Exposed to Mold?

Exposure to mold isn't’t healthy for anybody. However, the following is list of individuals who appear to have the greatest risk for adverse health effects to mold:

• Infants and children
• Elderly
• Immune compromised Patients
• Pregnant women
• Individuals with respiratory conditions (Such as allergies, multiple chemical   sensitivity and asthma)


Most Frequent Health symptoms from Mold Exposure

• Chronic Fatigue
• Headaches
• Memory loss, loss of concentration
• Difficulties in logical thinking and learning
• Clear, thin, watery mucus drips from nose
• Thick green slime coming from the nose
• Coughing, sore lungs/chest

Infection from Mold

Although many mold fungi are harmless there are now over 100 identified species that are known to cause one of theses types of infections in humans:

• Systemic infection
• Opportunistic infection(mold parasites)
• Dermatophytes( a group of fungi that infect the hair, skin and nails)

Opportunistic infection is usually a secondary result of some other primary disease. Systemic infection can be fatal to immune suppressed individuals. infection by dermatophytes usually occurs through direct contact with an infected person or indirectly by sharing clothes, grooming utensils, etc. Infection is rarely a result of the environment.


Toxicosis From Mold

Many Fungi produce toxic metabolites called mycotoxins. Dramatic and Carcinogenic effects have been recorded for animals and humans exposed to high levels of mycotoxins in laboratory studies do to poor air quality conditions. Symptoms of exposure to mycotoxins may include cold and flu like symptoms, headache, nosebleeds, dermatitis and immune suppression. Many mycotoxins are highly disease causing.

Air Quality conditions can be monitored as well as water contractors and mold contractors hired through Superior mold remediation for water restoration areas.


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